Indian labour law refers to laws regulating labour in India. Traditionally Indian governments at federal and state level have sought to ensure a high degree of protection for workers, but in practice, legislative rights only cover a minority of workers. India is a federal form of government and because labour is a subject in the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution, labour matters are in the jurisdiction of both central and state governments. Both central and state governments have enacted laws on labour relations and employment issues.
Children should not work more than 4.5 hours a day, and adults not more than 48 hours a week, 9 hours a day. Any adult working beyond this is entitled to overtime at double their hourly wage. The total working hours should not exceed 60 in a week and the total overtime hours should not exceed 50 in a quarter. Each worker is entitled to one day off a week.
There are many important regulations that affect your benefit entitlement. Some companies also give additional allowances and benefits to their employees, such as a medical reimbursement/allowance, in order to reduce their tax burden.
The Equal Remuneration Act 1976 (ERA) stipulates equal remuneration to men and women workers. It also states that no employer shall, while recruiting for the same work, discrimate against women except where the employment of women in such work is prohibited or restricted by or under any law.
If you are from outside India, you will need a valid Indian employment visa, unless you have a valid Person of Indian Origin (PIO) card or Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) card.
Other types of business may be covered by the Central Government.
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